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Kano Emirs - Sarkin Kano Alhaji Sir Muhammadu Sanusi PDF Print E-mail
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He was born in 1905. He had his early Islamic education while he was very young and he was educationally ahead of most of his colleagues, he also attended the provincial school. Muhammad Sanusi was the Chiroma and District Head of Bichi and he was given the responsibilty of coordinating the rural districts. His office was very influential in the Native Authority Administration. He became a member of the Northern Region House of Assembly in 1947 he was a member of the Regional Joint Council. He was also the first to be appointed Regional Minister without Portifolio in 1952 (Paden 1973: 233). Muhammad Sanusi was appointed Sarkin Kano in December 1953. He was very exprienced because his father had delegated most of the Native Authority affairs to him.

Politically Sarki Sanusi was instrumental in the formation of the NPC. He brought many groups into the NPC, especially traders and young western educated elites. He had earlier helped the Sardauna when the later had problems with the Sultan of Sokoto Sir Abubakar III. He also ensured Sardauna’s election as the President General of the NPC. Sarkin Kano Muhammad Sanusi was in fact the strongest supporter of the NPC and they relied heavily on him (Paden 1986: 145-154 and 457).

Sarkin Kano Sanusi was re-appointed Regional Minister without Portifolio in 1956. He also acted as the Governor of Northern Region from May to July 1961. Most of the senior members the NPC in Kaduna resented Sarki Sanusi’s influence. This resentment culminated in the instuting of a commission of inquiry into the finances of the Kano Native Authority with D. J. M. Muffet as the sole commissioner. The Sarki and other members of the Native Authority testified before the commissioner.

According to family sources one of the main reasons for the Muffet inquiry and forced resignation of Sarkin Kano Sanusi was the sarki’s commitment to the economic development of Kano. The Native Authority administration under Sarki Sanusi according to these sources took a loan of 600000 pounds and used it to establish the Bompai Industrial Estate the first in the province. As a result of this foresight Kano now has the largest concentration of privately owned industrial establishments in northern Nigersia and this was without the encouragement of the regional government and later the federal government of Nigeria. Meanwhile there was no love lost between the regional politicians and Sarki Sanusi. They felt he was too independent and he regarded them as his subordinates or subjects. Political intrigues were mounted to eliminate him. The northern regional government deliberately precipitated the financial crisis of the Kano Native Authority by refusing to release funds even though it approved the loan and was aware that it was taken for the Bompai Industrial Estate. This refusal was designed to ensure that the lending bank called the guarantee of the government and then precipitate a financial crisis that would give the regional government the opportunity to remove the Sarkin Kano who was the head of NA. The regional government was disappointed that the Kano NA had papers to show what it did with money.

After completing his investigation Muffet advised the Regional Government that the Sarki Sanusi should resign. He tendered his resignation to the Governor of the Northern Region Sir Kashim Ibrahim on the 28th of March 1963 (Paden 1973: 266). There were reactions in Kano against the NPC government because of this resignation. Since the people were aware of the political machinations that led to the crisis. The Kano Peoples Party, which was loyal to Sir Muhammad Sanusi, was formed (Paden 1973: 270-271).

Sir Alhaji Muhammad Sanusi was retired to Azare where he remained the Khalifa (successor) of Shaikh Ibrahim Niass and he was regarded as the leader of the Shaykh’s branch of Tijaniyya. Later during the second Republic, he was moved to Wudil near Kano where he lived until his death in 1990 and he was buried in Nassarawa Palace where his grandfather, father and uncle were buried (Zawiya and Sadauki 1991).

Last Updated on Monday, 25 August 2008 22:13