Home Kano Emirs
Kano Emirs - Sarkin Kano Ibrahim Dabo PDF Print E-mail
Article Index
Kano Emirs
Sarkin Kano Sulaiman (Died 1819)
Sarkin Kano Ibrahim Dabo
Sarkin Kano Usman, Maje Ringim
Sarkin Kano Abdullahi, Maje Karofi
Sarkin Kano Bello (d.1893)
Sarkin Kano Tukur (d. 1895)
Sarkin Kano Alu (Aliyu Babba)
Sarkin Kano Abbas
Sarkin Kano Shehu Usman
Sarkin Kano Alhaji Abdullahi Bayero
Sarkin Kano Alhaji Sir Muhammadu Sanusi
Sarkin Kano Muhammadu Inuwa
Sarkin Alhaji Ado Bayero
All Pages
He was appointed Sarkin Kano on Tuesday 23rd/24th Dhi Qa’ada 1234 AH (21st September 1819) by Sarkin Musulmi Muhammad Bello (Ado-Kurawa 1989:50 and Last 1966: 468-469). He was perphaps the youngest member of the Emirate council before his appointment as the Sarki he had succeeded his elder brother Mallam Jamo as a member of the council. The elder members of the Emirate Council unanimously nominated Ibrahim Dabo for the emirship. He had a record of sound Islamic scholarship at Gulu where he established a Mosque, which has remained as a legacy of his remarkable scholarship. He returned to Kano from Gulu to join the contingent of his elder brother Mallam Jamo during the Jihad campaigns in Kano.Ibrahim Dabo was confronted by serious dissent immediately he assumed the Emirship of Kano the most serious was that of Dantunku, who refused to pledge allegiance to the new Sarki. Dantunku was regarded as a rebel by Muhammad Zangi the official historian of the Jihad in Kano, but Murray Last the historian of the Sokoto Caliphate has described the latter’s treatment of Dantunku’s uprising as less than fair (Last 1966 and Ado-Kurawa 1989).Ibrahim Dabo entered Khalwa (seclusion) in which he sought divine guidance against the dissents and rebellions that characterized the beginning of his reign (Ado-Kurawa 1989:51) and it after this seclusion that he established Ribats at Panisau, Ungogo and Dawaki. Later he also defeated Dantunku after several battles. He was nicknamed Saifullahi or Sword of Allah (Ado-Kurawa 1989: 53)  because of his victory over all the incited rebels who revolted against his leadership. Galadima Sani, the younger brother of Sarkin Kano Sulaiman, incited most of the rebels. According to the Kano Chronicle, Galadima Sani, “tried to raise a revolt and incite all the towns to disaffection” (Palmer 1928:128 and Said 1978: 174). This was perhaps due to Galadima Sani’s ambition and partly due to Sarki Ibrahim Dabo’s determination to effect some administrative changes.Kano was invaded by Shehu Muhammad al-Kanemi of Borno during the reign of Ibrahim Dabo. This invasion was a major threat to Kano Emirate in particular and Sokoto Caliphate in general. The invaders came as far as the outskirts of Kano city, where they enslaved freeborn, innocent and peace loving Muslims who were coming out of the city for firewood and other things. This was confirmed in a letter al-Kanemi wrote to Mai Ibrahim. These acts of al-Kanemi were unIslamic and were for worldly gains. Sarkin Bauchi Yakubu, later repulsed al-Kanemi and his fellow looters (Hogben 1966:107 and 336). The revolts and invasions that characterised his early reign and the cultural orientation of the Kano society made Ibrahim Dabo to reintroduce authoritarian rule and some of the pre-Jihad traditions particularly the regalia of Sarkin Kano Muhammadu Rumfa which were not in conflict with the Shari’ah according to some historians and court Ulama (Islamic Scholars). It has been suggested that he was permitted by Sarkin Musulmi to reintroduce such Habe traditions. Ibrahim Dabo was encouraged in the pursuance of this policy by Shamaki Nasamu and Danrimi Barka the two most powerful pre-Jihad slave officials inherited from the overthrown Kutumbi Dynasty (Fika 1978: 19). Ibrahim Dabo established an efficient admistration after subduing his opponents and rebels. This was achieved diplomatically force was only used when it was indispensable. Muhammad Zangi Ibn Salih has summarised these administrative successes of Sarki Ibrahim Dabo in his Taqyid al-akhbar as follows: “He established justice insttructed people to do good and prevented them from doing evil. He killed the highway robbers, amputated the hands of the theives and destroyed the houses of the fornicators. It reached an extent that people no longer closed their doors at night and animals moved freely without shephards except during the rainy season. Allah opened the routes during his reign and a lady could travel from Kukawa to Kwara without any harrasment” (Ado-Kurawa 1989: 53). This corroborates Clapperton’s account of the state of the Sokoto Caliphate when he visited the area during the reign of Sarkin Musulmi Muhammadu Bello: “The laws of the Qur’an were in his (Bello`s) time so strictly put in force... that the whole country when not in a state of war, was so well-regulated that it is common saying that a woman might travel with a casket of gold upon her head from one end of the Fellata dominions to the other” (Clapperton 1829: 206).He died on Friday 9th Safar 1262 AH (9th Febraury 1846) he had governed Kano for twenty-seven years three months and sixteen days (Ado-Kurawa 1989: 53 and Last 1966: 468-9). He was a scholar and one of his works Kaff al-ikhwani has been recovered it was published in Kano Native Authority Press c. 1955 (Hunwick 1995: 258-9).
Last Updated on Monday, 25 August 2008 22:13