Abba, A. 2000 The Politics of Principles in Nigeria: The Example of NEPU Zaria

Abubakar, I. M. 1988 ‘al-Shaykh Adamu Nama’aji Hayatihi wa A’amalihi’ B.A. Dissertation Department of Arabic BUK

Abun Nasr, J. 1996 Review of Allen Christelow (Ed): Thus Ruled Emir Abbas: Selected Cases from the Records of the Emir of Kano's Judicial. African Historical Sources, no.5 East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1994. JAH : 37

Adamu, A. U. 1999 Confluences and Influences: The Emergence of Kano as a City-State Kano

Ado-Kurawa, I. 1989 The Jihad in Kano: Translation and Analysis of Taqyid al-Akhbar of Qadi Muhammad Ibn Salih Kano

Ahmed, A. S. 1994 “Shaykh Muhammad Attama; his life and contribution to knowledge” B. A. Arabic Dissertation, BUK

Albasu, S. A. 1995 The Lebanese in Kano: An Immigrant Community in A Hausa Society in Colonial and Post-Colonial Periods Kano

Al-Hajj, M. A. 1968 'A Seventeeth Century Chronicle on the Origins and Missionary Activities of the Wangarawa' Kano Studies 4: 1

Al-Kashnawi, Abu Bakr Ibn Hussain (nd) As’hal al-Madrik (4 vols) Beirut and al-Zakzaki, Alhaji Yahuza (nd) Fath al-Jawad (2 vols) Kano

Baldwin, T. H. 1932 (English translation) The Obligation of the Princes Beirut Arabic text qouted extensively by Shaykh Usman Dan Fodio in his Tanbih al-Ikwan which is translated by Palmer, H. R. 1915 ‘An Early Fulani Conception of Jihad’ Journal of Asiatic Society 1914-15 xiv, 53-9

Barth, H. 1890 Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa 2 vols London

Batran, A. A. 1973 ‘A Contribution to the Biography of Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Abd-Al-Karim Ibn Muhammad (Umar-A‘Mar) Al-Maghili Al-Tilmisani’ JAH XIV, 3, pp. 318-394

Bedri, K. and Starratt, P. E. 1977 (Translation of) ‘Taj al-Din Fima Yajib ‘ala al-Muluk or The Crown of Religion Concerning the Obligation of Princes’ Kano Studies (New Series) (2) 1974/77

Bello, O 1995 (Edited and translated with an introduction) Islamic Education in 18th Century Nigeria: Tarikh Mustapha al-Torodi by Abd Allah b, Al-Qadi Al-Hajj. Sokoto.

Bivar, A. D. H 1961 ‘Dispatch to the People of Sudan’

Christelow, A. 1991 ‘Women and Law in Early Twentieth Century Kano’ in Coles, C. and Mack, B. (eds) Hausa Women in the Twentieth Century Madison Wisconsin

Clapperton 1829 Journal of a Second Expedition into the Interior of Africa London

Dangambo, A. 1980 Hausa Wa’azi Verse from ca 1800-1970 A Critical Study of Form, Content, Language and Style’ Ph.D Thesis SOAS London 2 Volumes

Dan 'Iya I. A. (nd) Neman Alkibla: Labaran Manyanmu Na Daya

Dantiye, N. I. 1985 ‘A Study of the Origin and Defensive Roles of the four Frontier Strongholds (Ribats) in the Emirate period (1809-1903)’ Ph.D Dissertation Indiana University USA.

Danyaro, M. 1988 Kano State 3 Months Ago: a Compilation of Press Cuttings from July – October 1988. Kano: Ministry of Information and Home Affairs

Feinstein, A. 1987 The African Revolutionary: The Life and Times of Nigeria’s Aminu Kano Boulder Colorado

Ferguson, D. E. 1973 ‘Nineteenth Century Hausaland Being a Description by Imam Imoru of the Land, Economy and Society of his People’ PhD Dissertation University of California Los Angeles

Fika, A. M 1978 The Kano Civil War and British Over-rule 1882 – 1940 Oxfrod University Press Ibadan

Flegel, E. R. 1885 The Biography of Mamman Mai Gashin Baki Translated and annotated by Duffill, M. B. Hamburg

Gbadamosi, T. G. O. and Ajayi, J. F. A. 1980 ‘Islam and Christianity in Nigeria’ in Ikime, O. (ed) Groundwork of Nigerian History Ibadan

Gilliland, D.S. 1979 ‘Religious Change Among the Hausa 1000-1800: A Hermeneutic of the Kano Chronicle’ Journal of Asian and African Studies X1V: 3-4

Gowers, W. F. 1921 Gazeteer of Kano Province London

Greenberg, J. H. 1946 The Influence of Islam on a Sudanese Religion New York.

Hiskett, M. 1957 ‘Kitab al-Farq: a work on Habe Kingdoms attributed to Usman Dan Fodio’, BSOAS XIX

Hiskett, M and Bivar, A. D. H., 1962 ‘The Arabic Literature of Nigeria to 1804: Provisional Account

Hogben, S. J. 1967 Introduction to the History of the Islamic States of Northern Nigeria Ibadan

Hunwick, J.O. 1966 “The Nineteenth Century Jihads” in Anene, J. C. and Brown, G. Africa in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Ibadan

Hunwick, J. O. 1995 Arabic Literature of Africa Volume II The Writings of Central Sudanic Africa Leiden, New York and Koln

Hutson, A. S. 1997 ‘We are Many: Women Sufis and Islamic Scholars in Twentieth Century Kano, Nigeria’ PhD Dissertation Indiana University

Idrissou, M. M. ‘‘Kalfu’ or the ‘Fulbe’ Emirate of Bargirmi and ‘Toorobe’ of Sokoto’ in Usman, Y. B. (Editor) Studies in the History of the Sokoto Caliphate. Sokoto Saminar Papers. Zaria, 19

Ibn Hajar 1989 Kitab al-Isabah Fi Tamiz al-Sahaba vol.2

Ibrahim, O. F. 2001 The Prince Times: Ado Bayero and the Transformation of the Emiral Authority Trenton New Jersey

Iliffe, John 1995 Africans: The History of a Continent, Cambridge

Isichei, E. 1983 A History of Nigeria Essex

Jahun, S. I. 1986 ‘Tarihin Kasar Jahun’ (unpublished) 1986.

Johnston, H. A. S. 1967 The Fulani Empire of Sokoto London

Junaid, Alhaji. 1957 Tarihin Fulani Zaria 1957

Kani, A. M. 1988 The Intellectual Origin of Islamic Jihad in Nigeria London

Katsina M.N 1984 'A Study of Advanced Level Qur'anic Schools in Kano, Katsina and Zaria' MLS Thesis ABU Zaria

Kenny, Joseph 1992 The Risalah Treatise on Maliki Law of Abdallah Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani

Klein, Martin 1968 Islam and Imperialism in Senegal: Sine – Saloum, 1847 – 1914, Edinburgh

Kwaru, A. 1991 ‘Waziri Allah Bar Sarki, 1865-1917: A Neglected Personality in the Political History of Kano’ MA Dissertation Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto

Last, D. M. 1966 ‘A Solution to the Problem of Dynastic Chronology in Nineteenth Century Zaria and Kano’ Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria

Last, M. 1977. The Sokoto Caliphate. London.

Lavers, J. E. 1979 ‘The diplomatic relations of the Sokoto Caliphate some thoughts and a plea’ in Usman, Y. B. Studies in the History of the Sokoto Caliphate: Sokoto Saminer Papers Zaria

Levtzion, N. 1976. ‘The early States of the Western Sudan’ in Ajayi, J. F. A. and Crowder, M. (eds) History of West Africa vol. one Essex.

Loimeier, R. 1991 ‘The writings of Nasiru Kabara (Muhammad al-Nāsir al-Kābiri), SAJHS, 2: 165-174

Lovejoy, P. E. 1978 ‘The Role of the Wangara in the Economic Transformation of the Central Sudan in the Fifteenth and Sixtenth Century’ JAH, XIX, 2, pp. 173-193

Lovejoy, P. E 1980 Caravans of Kola: The Hausa Kola Trade 1700-1900. Zaria

Lovejoy, P. E., Mahadi, A. and Mukhtar, M. I. 1993 ‘C. L. Temple’s ‘Notes on the History of Kano’ [1909]: A Lost Chronicle on Political Office’ SAJHS IV

Mahadi, A. 1985 'The Jihad and its Role in Strengthening the Sarauta (kingship) system in Hausaland in the 19th century: The case of Kano' in Ajayi, J. F. A and Ikara, B. (eds) Evolution of Political Culture in Nigeria Ibadan

Mahmud, R.Z 1989 'History of Three Wards in Kano - Ciranci, Galadanci and Tudun Wuzirci' B.A. History Dissertation BUK

Malumfashi, U. M. 1973 'The life and Ideas of Shaykh Usman Dan Fodio Being, Editing, Translation and Analysis of: 1. Rawd al-Jinan by Gidado bn Laima and 2. al-Kashf wa 'l-Bayan an Ahwal Muhammadu Bello by Gidado bn Laima' Thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Arts ABC/ ABU 1973

Martin, B. G. 1971 ‘A Muslim Political Tract from Northern Nigeria: Mohammed Bello’s Usul al-Siyasa in McCall, D. F. and Bennett, N. R.(eds) Aspects of West African Islam Boston University Papers on Africa Volume V

Muffet, D. J. M. 1971 The Story of Attahiru I Lagos

Mukhtar, M.I, Danyaro, M. and Abdallah, Y. 1997 Rumfa College Seventy Years of Nurturing Excellence Kano

Musdafa, N 1997 Fasarar Mukhtar al-Ahadith al-Nabawiyat wa al-Hikma al-Muhammadiyat

Nanda, S. 1984: Cultural Anthropology Belmont California USA

Naniya, T. M. 1995 "Pre-Colonial Kano An Assessment" Kano Studies (New Series) 3:2

Oloyede, I. O ‘Mukhatasar Khalil and the understanding of Islamic Law in Nigeria’ Hamdard Islamicus XII: 1: 88-89

Paden, J. N., 1973 Religion and Political Culture in Kano, Berkeley, Los Angeles

Palmer, H. R., 1929 ‘The Kano Chronicle’ in Sudanese Memoirs Lagos

Palmer, H. R. 1915 ‘An Early Fulani Conception of Jihad’ Journal of Asiatic Society 1914-15 xiv, 53-9

Quadri, Y. A and Oloyede I. O. 1990 Islamic Jurisprudence: al-’Izziyyah for the English Audience Ijebu Ode

Reynolds, J. T. 2001 ‘Good and Bad Muslims: Islam and Indirect Rule in Northern Nigeria’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 34: 3: 601-618

Rufa’i, R. A. 1995 Gidan Rumfa: The Kano Palace Triumph Publishing Company Kano

Said, H. I. 1978 ‘Revolution and Reaction: the Fulani Jihad in Kano and its Aftermath’ PhD Dissertation University of Wisconsin

Said, H. I 1983 ‘Notes on Taxation as a political issue in nineteenth century Kano’ in B. M. Barkindo (Ed): Studies in the History of Kano Ibadan

Saidu, A. G. 1979 ‘Significance of Shehu’s Poems in Ajami’ in Usman, Y. B. (ed) Studies in the History of the Sokoto Caliphate Sokoto Seminar Papers Zaria

Seidensticker-Brikay, G. 1982 Maguzawa Translation of Krusius’ ‘Die Maguzawa’

Shea, P. 2000 ‘Book review of Government in Kano 1350-1950 by M. G. Smith’ Kano Studies New Series 1: 1

Shea, P. J. 2005 "Mallam Muhammad Bakatsine and the Jihad in Eastern Kano" History in Africa - Volume 32 African Studies Association

Siddiqi, F. R., 1989, Islam Against Illusions (Edition, Translation and Commentary) Hisn al-Afham min Juyush al-Awham of Shaykh Uthman Ibn Fudi Kano

Smith, A. 1976 'The Early States of the Central Sudan' in Ajayi, J. F. A. and Crowder, M. (eds) History of West Africa vol. I Ibadan pp. 152-196

Smith, M. G. 1983 The Kano Chronicle as History in B. M. Barkindo (Editor) Studies in the History of Kano Ibadan

Smith, M. G. 1997 Government in Kano 1350-1950 Boulder

Sufi, H. 1993 Musan Kanmu Kano

Sulaiman, M.D. 1999 ‘Aliyu Babba: The Exiled Emir of Kano 1894-1926’ Paper presented at the International Conference on One Thousand Years of State and Leadership in Kano May 1999

Ubah, C. N. 1977 'Aspect of Islamic Impact on Pre-Colonial Kano' Islamic Culture

Ubah, C. N. 1979 ‘The Emirates and the Central Government: The Case of Kano Sokoto Relations’ in Usman, Y. B. (ed) Studies in the History of the Sokoto Caliphate: Sokoto Seminar Papers Zaria

Usman, Y.B. 1977 The Transformation of Katsina c. 1796-1903' Ph.D Thesis ABU

Usman, Y.B. 1978 The Transformation of Katsina 1400-1883 Zaria

Vereecke, Catherine 1986 “Pulaaku ethnic identity among the Adamawa Fulbe”Aannals of Borno vol. iii University of Maiduguri

Wada, M. 1998 ‘The History of the Imamship in Kano in the I9th and 20th Century Kano’ M.A History BUK

Watt, W. M., 1985 Islamic Philosophy and theology: An Extended Survey. Edinburgh

Waya, Z. I. 2000 Kano Da Masarautarta Jiya Da Yau Gaskiya Corporation Zaria

Yahya, D. 1986 ‘The Legacy of Emir of Kano, Abdullahi Bayero, 1926-1953’ Kano Studies 2: 4.

Yahya, Dahiru, 1999 ‘Aristocracy as a Factor in Social Change in the first Millenium of Kano History’ Seminar on State and Leadership in Kano in the Second Millenium A.D

Yola, F. M. et al 1996 Yola Gobir Ta Kano: Tsintsiya Madaurin Ku Daya Kano

Yusuf 1981 Sakwato Caliphate Administration of Justice: Implications for present Day Nigeria; Kano studies Vol.2 Number 2: 63-67

Zaharadeen, M. S. 1983 ‘The Place of Mosque in the History of Kano’ in Barkindo, B. (ed) Studies in the History of Kano Heinemann Ibadan

Zawiya, S. and Sadauki, T. 1991 Jigatau Dan Bayero Kaduna




Sarkin Kano






Western Sheka garden and grazing for camels is cemetery; Sulaiman, Dabo, Bello and Shehu are buried there. Eastern Sheka is also garden.

Soron Giwa

Soron Bello; chiefs and others wait for Emir

Soron Ingila courtroom fada; built in 1932 after the return of the Emir from England

Soron Mallam built by Dabo no function



Kano Emirate


Jihad of Shehu Usman Danfodio

British Conquest and Colonial Rule

Independence and First Republic

Local Government Reforms


Hakimai/District Heads and Titleholders


Emir’s Palace

Mosques; Juma’at Mosque, Fagge Mosque; Galadanci Mosque; Wudilawa Mosque, Yola Mosque; Jalli Mosque

Last Updated on Monday, 25 August 2008 22:44